- Ruzhnikov, Y., "A New Town on the Volga" in "Architect and Building News", 3, May 22, 1969
- Ikonnikow, Andrei, Russian Architecture of the Soviet Period, Raduga Publishers, Moscow 1988
type of New Town:
> scale of autonomy
Togliatti is located in the centre of Western Russia.
In the 50s the old town of Stavropol-on-Volga was flooded, and a completely new town was built on a new site. It was renamed Togliatti (after the Italian communist leader). The city arose as a large industrial centre on the Volga within a new and growing industrial district based on powerful hydro-electric power stations. The development of the city was stimulated by the Volzhsky Automobile Plant manufactoring Lada cars. The structure of Togliatti embodied the concept of Nikolai Milyutin. Its functional zones are designed for parallel development along the reservoir. An area of recreational facilities and parks lies along the bank, followed further by a strip of residential areas. These are separated by a mile-wide green zone from the industrial complexes of the automobile plant and other enterprises situated in the steppe. The city's centre, the pivot of the residential districts, also has a linear structure. The lack of salient natural features determined the city's basic geometry: The crossing of the two very wide esplanades - one from north to south, linking the bank of the Volga with the industrial complex, and the pivotal artery of the residential strip in an east-west direction - divides the city territory into four unequal parts. Parallel to the main arteries a rectangular pattern is superimposed on the territory, dividing it into areas one and a half square miles, which are the city's districts. Each of these are divided into four residential areas of 25,000 inhabitants each, subdivided in neighbourhoods of averagely 12,000. Nine-storey buildings are combined with twelve-storey tower houses. The residential estates form distinct semi-closed yards, leaving large garden spaces in the centre. The layout of the neighbourhoods in Togliatti is ideally suited to the use of prefab; the regularity seeming to be a natural continuation of the clear scheme.
source: Ikonnikow, Andrei, Russian Architecture of the Soviet Period, Raduga Publishers, Moscow 1988