Co-Op City, United States, North America
Year1968latitude: 40° 52'
longitude: -73° 49'
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Herman Jessor
Design organization
Target population50,000
Town website
Town related links
Literature- * Hugh Mields, 'Federally Assisted New Communities. New Dimensions in Urban Development', Washington 1973

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Co-op City is the largest cooperative housing development in the world. It is located in the Baychester section of the Borough of the Bronx in Northeast New York City. Situated at the intersection of Interstate 95 and the Hutchinson River Parkway, the community is part of Bronx Community Board 10.

Construction began in 1968 and was completed in 1971. Its 15,372 residential units, in thirty-five high rise buildings and seven clusters of townhouses, make it the largest single residential development in the United States. Co-op City also has eight parking structures, three shopping centers, an educational park (including a high school, two middle schools and three grade schools) and a firehouse. The adjacent Bay Plaza Shopping Center has movies, department stores, and a supermarket. The apartment buildings, referred to by number, range from 24 floors to as high as 33.
The project was sponsored and built by the United Housing Foundation, an organization established in 1951 by Abraham Kazan and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. It was designed by cooperative architect Herman J. Jessor. The name of the complex's corporation itself was later changed to Riverbay. As a cooperative development, the tenants run the complex through an elected board. There is no pay for serving on the board.


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