Sabaudia, Italy, Europe
 
 
Year1934latitude: 41° 18'
longitude: 13° 0'
Period
Initiator(s)Benito Mussolini
Planning organizationOpera Nazionale Combattenti
Nationality initiator(s)Italy
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Gino Cancellotti
Eugenio Montuori
Luigi Piccinato
Design organizationGrupo urbanisti romani; Gino Cancellotti, Eugenio Montuori, Luigi Piccinato, Alfredo Scalpelli
Inhabitants20,000 (2018)
Target population
Town website
Town related links
Literature- https://www.academia.edu/6326042/THE_PLANS_FOR_THE_ITALIAN_FASCIST_MODEL_CITY_OF_Sabaudia?email_work_card=title
- https://www.academia.edu/2436550/Destructive_creation_fascist_urban_planning_architecture_and_New_Towns_in_the_Pontine_Marshes
- https://www.academia.edu/2436557/Caprotti_F_and_Ka%C3%AFka_M_2008_Producing_the_ideal_fascist_landscape_nature_materiality_and_the_cinematic_representation_of_land_reclamation_in_the_Pontine_Marshes_Social_and_Cultural_Geography_9_6_613_634

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 

Overview over axis towards church Santissima Annunziata
source: M. Provoost, 2018



Sabaudia in the 1930s
source: Mostra Permanente, City Hall Sabaudia



Former post office (Palazzo dello Poste) by Angelo Mazzoni, 1934
source: M. Provoost, 2018



Streetscape central Sabaudia
source: M. Provoost, 2018



Santissima Annunziata with mosaic including Benito Mussolini
source: M. Provoost, 2018



Drainage area of the Pontine marches and the New Towns colonising the new polder.
source: Mostra permanente, City hall, Sabaudia




source:


Masterplan by Luigi Piccinato, Eugenio Monteori and Gino Cancellotti.
source: Mostra Permanente, City Hall, Sabaudia


Sabaudia was one of the cities founded as part of the draining and reclamation of the Pontine marshes, a huge 10-year operation initiated and undertaken by Benito Mussolini. A large infrastructural system of canals, dikes and pumping stations was put in place to turn the marshes into productive polders. Another aim was to beat the malaria and improve the hygienic circumstances. An army of 124.000 people was working on the project at the pinnacle around 1933.
Next to the reclamation a number of New Towns were built, amongst them Littoria, Pontinia, Aprilia and Pomezia and a number of smaller villages.
The first inhabitants were poor migrants, mostly fascist families being resettled from the northern provinces of Veneto and Friuli, working the agricultural land. Many documentaries have been made on this topic and the harsh conditions of the first (and present day) workers and migrants.

source:

2017 - disclaimer