Senri, Japan, Asia
 
 
Year1962latitude: 34° 45'
longitude: 135° 31'
Period1960-1969
Initiator(s)
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organizationOsaka Prefecture
Inhabitants90,000
Target population150,000
Town website
Town related linkshttp://www.pref.osaka.jp/kigyo/e_senri.htm
http://www.mizuho-ir.co.jp/english/knowledge/shrinkage0405.html
Literature- None

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
Senri New Town is the first new town in Japan is developed by Osaka Prefecture as a result of the New Urban Housing Development Act issued in July 1963. Senri New Town stretches out over both Suita City and Toyonaka City, about 10 to 15 km north of central Osaka. It is 1160 hectares in width. In the initial stage of planning the character of the new town was debated in various quarters. Some insisted that an independent self sufficient town should be built following the footsteps of Britain, but the argument was turned down on the grounds that it takes time too fully meet the requirements for attracting industrial plants and company offices and creating jobs for residents in the town and that development of the land for industrial purposes was already under way on the right side of the Yodogawa River only some 10 km away from Osaka. In addition the population size of the new town was estimated only at 150.000. As a result the town was characterized as a 'bed town' for commuters working in Osaka. But as the town is not far from the New Osaka Station of the Japanese National Railways Shinkansen and Osaka International Airport, an Osaka subcentre was planned to be built at the centre of the town. A publicity drive was launched to attract offices. Senri new town was very new at the time of its creation but now it is completely old. Areas which saw population growth until now are now seeing a graying process in their population. The pattern we see is of elderly couples remaining whose children have all left the home. In figures: the population reached nearly 130,000 in 1975 after ten years construction of the new town started and now drops to 94,000. The aged population of Senri with 21% of 65 years and older is much greater than that of Osaka Prefecture with 16%. In october-november 31-1, 2002 an international symposium on under the theme of 'Newtown life and its future' was held at Senri Life Science Center Building (Toyonaka City, Osaka Prefecture) on Oct. 31-Nov. 1. The event was organised to mark the 40th anniversary of the 'town opening' of Senri Newtown. Among the guest were Mr. Luigi van Leeuwen, President, European New Town Platform (the Netherlands), Mr. Michel Sudarskis, Secretary General, the International Network for Urban Development (INTA) (the Netherlands) and Professor Anne Whiston Spirn, Professor, Landscape Architecture and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (the U.S.). In 1979 the first Asian World Exposition took place in Osaka. The hill at Senri was chosen as the site of the exposition to be created around the theme "Progress and Harmony for Mankind".

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