Visaginas (Sniečkus), Lithuania, Europe
 
 
Year1975latitude: 55° 35'
longitude: 26° 26'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)USSR
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Y. Vuyma
Design organizationLeningrad State Institute for Urban Development
Inhabitants18,000 (2020)
Target population
Town websitehttp://www.visaginas.lt/?lang=en
Town related linkshttp://visaginas.my1.ru/photo/1
Literature

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 

Visaginas overview with power plant in the background
source: www.booking.com



Streetscape
source: thebohemianblog.com




source: wikipedia



Geigerteller
source: Pinterest



Typical housing blocks.
source: Wikimedia commons


The settlement is made up of mikrorayons (neighboorhouds) and lies in the middle of pine forests.
source: http://www.miestai.net/forumas/showthread.php?t=8354


It was founded in place of four villages, which were demolished, and the largest of those villages was known as Visaginas. In 1977 it was granted the status of a town. In 2009 the nuclear power plant was officially shut down.
In 1974 the USSR started building the Ignalina nuclear power plant on the banks of the largest lake of Lithuania, Drūksiai, which provided cooling water for the plant. Nearby, a New Town was built the house the families of the approximately 5000 workers in the power plant. Villages on the site were razed and the town (then called 'Snieckus') was built. After Soviet times the town was named Visaginas after one of the previous villages.
Because of the similarities of the power plant with that of Tschernobyl, it was closed down in several phase between 2004-2009.
As most workers were Russian, this is still the majority of the population and Russian is the main language in the town. The population in the town is shrinking. In 1996 there were still 33.000 inhabitants, in 2020 it's only 18.000 people.

source:

2017 - disclaimer