Almere, Netherlands, Europe
 
 
Year1976latitude: 52° 19'
longitude: 5° 13'
Period
Initiator(s)National government
Planning organizationRijksdienst voor de IJsselmeerpolders
Nationality initiator(s)Netherlands
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Teun Koolhaas
Alle Hosper
Rem Koolhaas
Design organizationProjektburo Almere
Inhabitants214,000 (2020)
Target population250,000
Town websitehttp://www.almere.nl
Town related links
Literature- A. Reijndorp, Like Bijlsma, Ivan Nio. Atlas Nieuwe Steden. De verstedelijking van de groeikernen, Haarlem/Rotterdam: trancity*valiz, 2012.
- Faludi, A. en A.J. van der Valk, De groeikernen als hoekstenen van de Nederlandse ruimtelijke planningsdoctrine, Assen/Maastricht: Van Gorcum, 1990.
- Niek de Boer, Donald Lambert. Woonwijken: Nederlandse stedenbouw 1945-1985. Rotterdam: Uitgeverij 010, 1987.
- Martien de Vletter. De kritiese jaren zeventig, architectuur en stedenbouw in Nederland 1968-1982. Rotterdam: Uitgeverij 010, 2004.
- W.J. Pantus. Groeikernen in Nederland: Een studie naar stedenbouw en architectuur, Utrecht: Stichting Matrijs, 2012.
- Ans van Berkum. Almere: architectuurgids. Beilen, 2010.
- Petra Brouwer. Van stad naar stedelijkheid. Planning en planconceptie van Lelystad en Almere 1959-1974, Rotterdam: NAi Uitgevers, 1997.
- JJ. Berg. Adolescent Almere. Hoe een stad wordt gemaakt, Rotterdam: NAi Uitgevers, 2007
- Coen van der Wal. In Praise of Common Sense. Planning the ordinary. A physical planning history of the new towns in the IJsselmeerpolders, 1997

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 

The canal in Almere Haven
source: Stadsarchief



Row houses built in the 1990s in Almere Buiten
source: Ekim Tan



Homeruskwartier, where inhabitants can develop and build their own house.
source: https://ikbouwmijnhuisin. almere.nl/fileadmin/files /almere/ibmhia/Homeruskwa rtier/Slider_HK/11grachte nhuizen_AvS_hk-10062012-1 3.jpg



The Citadel, a multi-use, multi-level design by Christian de Portzamparc
source: Rory Hide


Structure Plan Almere
source: INTI


Almere was planned as a solution for housing shortages in Amsterdam. The city was built on reclaimed land, in the Flevoland polder, 30 kilometres to the northeast of Amsterdam during the early seventies. Its ambitious planners envisioned a suburban living environment for commuters to the nearby capital, Schiphol and Het Gooi. Early plans for Almere were drawn up by the government agency Rijksdienst voor de IJsselmeerpolders (IJsselmeerpolders Development Agency or RIJP), a sub-department of the Ministry of Transport and Water Management. The directors of the RIJP created a separate unit which was charged with the task to come up with a so-called Structure Plan for Almere. This unit, called Projektburo Almere, consisted of a team of young architects, urban planners, landscape architects, sociologists and traffic planners. In January 1977, the Projektburo produced a first version of the Structure Plan.

Almere was originally designed as a number of semi-separate nuclei, each with its own neighbourhoods, facilities and identity, connected through a shared infrastructure and common city centre. Today, Almere comprises of three separate urban nuclei: Haven, Stad and Buiten.

Almere Haven is the oldest part of Almere; the first inhabitants came in 1976. It features the most idealistic episode in Almere, when the goal was to build a model city on the newly reclaimed land of Flevoland. This nucleus was planned before the economic crises of the 1970s compromised the original vision. All housing developments are built to provide views of greenery and open spaces, and each group of houses is clustered around a little park, usually with easy access to the surrounding forests.
Almere Haven does not have the inconveniences of busy traffic, because all roads are cul-de-sacs connecting to a well-hidden ring road that provides the only car access in and out of Almere Haven. The dedicated bus lane also forms a ring and most residents are no more than a few minutes walk from a bus stop.

Almere Stad is the central nucleus of Almere, where the first houses were finished in 1980. Almere Stad borders on a large urban lake, the Weerwater. The city hall, a shopping arcade as well as a regional hospital are located in the centre. Large parts of the centre remained reserved for an extensive urban centre when the need would arise. This moment came in 1996. A plan for the reconstruction of the centre was drawn up by OMA, lead by the famous Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas. It hosts a waterfront, a cinema, a theatre, several stores of well known retail brands, restaurants, apartments and a new library.

Currently, two new nuclei are under construction: Almere Hout and Almere Poort. Several others are in the planning stages, including Almere Pampus. By 2030 the population of Almere should have increased up to 300,000.

Most inhabitants value the suburban quality of life in Almere. Many of them are commuters who work in the business districts of Amsterdam and Schiphol Airport. The lack of employment is one of the stubborn issues the city is addressing.

Almere has made a name for itself by giving ample space for experiment in architecture and urban planning of which recently the Homeruskwartier, Oosterwold and the Floriade are examples.

As the city continues to expand it is increasingly encountering issues that all cities face after a few decades: how to keep up the quality of the older neighbourhoods and how to redevelop them to prevent decay.

source:

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