Wieringerwerf, Netherlands, Europe
 
 
Year1936latitude: 52° 30'
longitude: 5° 12'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organizationWieringermeer Directorate
Nationality initiator(s)Netherlands
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Marinus Jan Granpré Molière
Design organization
Inhabitants6,400 (2003)
Target population
Town websitehttp://www.wieringermeer.nl
Town related links
Literature- Duin, R.H.A. van and G. de Kaste; The pocket guide to the Zuyder Zee project; 1990
- Wal, Coen van der; In Praise of Common Sense. Planning the Ordinary. A Physical Planning History of the New Towns in the IJsselmeerpolders; 1997
- Wal, Coen van der; Villages in the IJsselmeerpolders. From Slootdorp to Zeewolde; 1986

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 

Street in Wieringerwerf, October 1938
source: Nieuw Land Erfgoedcentrum, Lelystad


Plan for Wieringerwerf, 1936
source: Nieuw Land Erfgoedcentrum, Lelystad


Map of Wieringerwerf, 1985
source: Nieuw Land Erfgoedcentrum, Lelystad


Wieringerwerf is a new town in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is the largest town in the municipality of Wieringermeer, and lies about 21 km southeast of Den Helder. The other towns are Slootdorp, Middenmeer, and Kreileroord. The municipality of Wieringermeer is located in the first major polder to be reclaimed as part of the Zuyderzee Reclamation Project. The polder fell dry in August 1930. By then, the planning process for the towns was well on its way. The plans were drawn up by M.J. Granpré Molière, at that time one of the most famous architects and urban planners in the Netherlands. The architecture of the buildings of the villages in the Wieringermeer polder follows traditional lines of design, which is logical given the fact that Granpré Molière was a major figure in the traditional school of architecture in the Netherlands.
Construction for Wieringerwerf started in 1936. Incidentally, the construction of Slootdorp and Middenmeer had begun a few years earlier. Because of an employment project that was subsidized by the state, inhabitants from all over the country came to the Wieringermeer to help build an infrastructure. In only short time houses, shops, churches and schools rose in Wieringerwerf. On July 1, 1941 Wieringermeer became an independent municipality. On April 17, 1945 the Germans bombed the IJsselmeer dike and within two days the Wieringermeer polder was inundated completely. On December 11, 1945 the polder was reclaimed again, and the building of Wieringerwerf could start anew.
In the decades after the reconstruction Wieringerwerf always had a growing population. Several residential quarters were built around the town centre. The town is still growing; in 2003, it had a population of about 6,300. Even though Wieringerwerf is hardly a big town, it boasts good facilities. It has a service function for the surrounding agricultural area. For instance, there are many shops. Moreover, there is a school for secondary education which is attended by many pupils from the municipalities that surround Wieringermeer. Given its location near the A7, the motorway that connects the western part of the Netherlands with the northern provinces, Wieringerwerf is an attractive location for industry.

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