Abuja, Nigeria, Africa
 
 
Year1975latitude: 9° 4'
longitude: 7° 23'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s) Wallace
Kenzo Tange
Doxiadis Associates
Design organizationWallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd inc. / Archisystems / Van Nuys, California and Planning Research Corporation
Inhabitants776,298 (2006)
Target population
Town website
Town related linkshttp://archnet.org/library/documents/one-document.tcl?document_id=3818
http://archnet.org/library/images/thumbnails.tcl?location_id=2770ℑ_id=530 74
Literature- Ola SULE, ‘the Nigerian New Capital: From Lagos to Abuja’.
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- 'Abuja, The Single Most Ambitious Urban Design Project of the 20th Century', Nnamdi Elleh, 2001

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 

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Abuja was chosen to become the new Federal Capital of Lagos in the mid 1970's. Its advantages over Lagos were easy accessibility, health and climate conditions, low population density, possibility for future expansion, ethnic neutrality. To these reasons was also added Lagos congestion, density, crime rates, price level etc. Abuja was thought to create a greater ethnic unity. The master plan for Abuja is a crescent shape that fans out from the city center which contains the National Assembly, government offices, national institutions etc and commercial center. The residential areas extend in two directions from the center; they are linked to the center by express ways. The surrounding area is hilly and thus prevents uncontrolled growth of the city. The capital is designed according to the concept of American 'neighborhoods'. The districts, sectors, and neighborhoods are designed as optimum communities with maximum serviceability. It thus consists of spatially defined units which are serviced by facilities. This also goes for the 'psychosocial' aspects of the sectors, as they also have playgrounds, club houses, social halls etc. attached to generate a community feeling. Each neighborhood is meant to house 4.000-7.000 inhabitants and will be provided with market shops, postoffice, clinics and schools. Three or more neighborhoods will add up a district, these will provide cinema/theater facilities, community center, religious institutions etc. In order to avoid uncontrolled urban explosion a series of satellite towns are being planned in close proximity to the capital. The territory on which both the capital and the satellite towns are being built is called The Federal Capital Territory (FCT). The basic idea behind Abuja is the 'garden city of tomorrow' with its well organized and spacious communities and with self-sustained economies where people live and work. However, inhabitants have been consulted very little in the urban development processes.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd inc. / Archisystems / Van Nuys, California and Planning Research Company (IPA, International Planning Associates)
Masterplan by Milton Keynes Planners and Kenzo Tange.
Research by Doxiadis Associates

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