Hemel Hempstead, United Kingdom, Europe
 
 
Year1947latitude: 51° 46'
longitude: -0° 28'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)G.A. Jellicoe
Design organization
Inhabitants81,100 (2004)
Target population60,000
Town website
Town related linkshttp://www.dacorum.gov.uk/hemel-hempstead/index.htm
http://www.dacorum.gov.uk/towns/hemel-hempstead.aspx
Literature- Osborn; Whittick: 'New Towns', Routledge & Kegan Paul, Boston 1977, p. 152-164

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
Existing as a settlement since the 8th century, Hemel Hempstead in the East of England was developed as a new town after WWII. As slums and bombsites in London were being cleared and the population displaced to the surrounding areas. new developments envelope the original town from all sites. Like other first generation new towns Hemel Hempstad is divided into residential neighbourhoods, each with their own village centre with shops, pubs and services. Much of the town features modernist architecture with many experimental designs for housing. In the early 50s factory and industrial areas were built to avoid the town becoming a dormitory town. By the end og 1951 there was a waiting list of about 10,000 wishing to move to the town.

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemel_Hempstead

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