Hemel Hempstead, United Kingdom, Europe
 
 
Year1947latitude: 51° 46'
longitude: -0° 28'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organizationDevelopment Corporation
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)G.A. Jellicoe
Design organization
Inhabitants85,000 (2011)
Target population80,000
Town websitehttps://www.dacorum.gov.uk/
Town related linkshttp://www.dacorum.gov.uk/hemel-hempstead/index.htm
http://www.dacorum.gov.uk/towns/hemel-hempstead.aspx
http://www.dacorum.gov.uk/home/all-news/2017/02/01/happy-70th-hemel-hempste ad!
Literature- Osborn; Whittick: 'New Towns', Routledge & Kegan Paul, Boston 1977, p. 152-164

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
"The third of the London ‘ring towns’, Hemel Hempstead was designated to help in decentralising the population of Greater London. Hemel Hempstead had been a town since the middle ages, and of all the ‘Mark One’ New Towns had the largest and most deeply rooted existing population. This presented a challenge in integrating old and new communities and, as at Stevenage and Crawley, there was much opposition at designation. But by 1957 there was evidence that the mixing had been very successful. With a population of just over 85,000 (just over its 1960 target population of 80,000), Hemel Hempstead is today the primary settlement in Dacorum Borough. Much of the town’s infrastructure is over 50 years old and in need of renewal. The town centre and Maylands Business Park are designated as key regeneration areas."
"The original masterplan was influenced by Geoffrey Jellicoe’s vision of a town in a park with generous open spaces in and around the town centre and the residential neighbourhoods. This was modified by the Development Corporation, but Jellicoe’s vision for the town centre was largely retained, including his unique designs for modern water gardens."

source: Town & Country Planning Association (TCPA)
https://www.tcpa.org.uk/hemel-hempstead

2017 - disclaimer