Welwyn Garden City, United Kingdom, Europe
Year1948latitude: 51° 48'
longitude: -0° 13'
PeriodMark 1
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)U.K.
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Louis de Soissons
Design organization
Inhabitants46,000 (2011)
Target population50,000
Town website
Town related linkshttp://www.welhat.gov.uk

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
"Welwyn Garden City has a unique story. Having started life in 1919 as England’s second Garden City, built and developed by a private company working for the community, its designation as a New Town took it from private to public (state) delivery. Following a twin designation with Hatfield (developed by separate Development Corporations run by the same personnel, with Green Belt between the settlements), Welwyn Garden City became the largest settlement in the Borough of Welwyn Hatfield, providing homes for 44% of the Borough’s population in 2001. The town’s Garden City Heritage is recognised as being of international significance."

"Development Corporation: Designated to assist in the decentralisation of the population of Greater London. The original Garden City masterplan drawn up by Louis de Soissons followed Garden City design principles, with tree-lined boulevards. It town centre was of neo-Georgian design. Garden City design principles were sometimes compromised in Development Corporation development. The Development Corporation undertook significant housing development in the 1950s, mainly east of the railway line. Development Corporation wound up 31 March 1966."

source: Town & Country Planning Association (TCPA)

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