Lingang, China, Asia
 
 
Year2002latitude: 31° 6'
longitude: 121° 22'
Period2003-2020
Initiator(s)Shanghai Harbour City Development (Grup) Co., Ltd.
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)Chinese
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Meinhard von Gerkan
Design organizationVon Gerkan, Marg und Partner (gmp) in cooperation with Hamburk Port Consulting, Zentrum für integrierte Verkehrssysteme GmbH, Breimann & Bruun, Ingenieur Dienst Nord GmbH, Schlotfeldt Licht
Inhabitants200,000 (2010)
Target population830,000
Town websitehttp://www.shlingang.com/english/main.asp
Town related linkshttp://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingang_New_City
http://www.visionate.com/index.php?id=337&mergefiles=http://www.gmp-archite kten.de/,uploads/media/en/booklet.pdf,uploads/tx_gmpprojects/1392_e_Lingang _New_City__web_01.pdf,uploads/tx_gmpprojects/1392_e_Lingang_New_City__web_0 1.pdf,uploads/media/en/gmp_Booklet.pdf
http://www.shharborcity.com/english/index.asp
Literature- Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 

Layout
source: http://www.visionate.com/ index.php?id=337&mergefil es=http://www.gmp-archite kten.de/,uploads/media/en /booklet.pdf,uploads/tx_g mpprojects/1392_e_Lingang _New_City__web_01.pdf,upl oads/tx_gmpprojects/1392_ e_Lingang_New_City__web_0 1.pdf,uploads/media/en/gm p_Boo



Master plan
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html




source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html




source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html




source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



Residential quarters under construction (background), new infrastructure
source: gmp; Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



Maritime Museum deigned by the German office gmp
source: gmp; Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



Construction workers and factory workers on the road
source: gmp; Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



City centre under construction
source: Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



'Dishui' lake with diameter of 2,5 kilometres froms the centre of Lingang New Harbour City
source: Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



Emerging tourism around the lake
source: Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



Excessively protected houses in a new middle class neighbourhood
source: Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



Informal sales of vegetables by migrants on the pavement
source: Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9



design
source: http://www.urbanplanet.or g/forums/index.php/topic/ 8709-the-luchao-harbour-c ity/



design
source: http://www.urbanplanet.or g/forums/index.php/topic/ 8709-the-luchao-harbour-c ity/



Barcode Hall
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



Gang Cheng Office Building
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



High Tech Park, Heavy Industry Zone
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



Lingang Information Building
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



Management Centre of the Freetrade Port
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



Maritime Museum
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



Technic Freetrade Centre II
source: http://www.gmp-architekte n.com/projects.html



source: www.lgxc.gov.cn


According to the World Shipping Council (WSC), Shanghai has taken first place in the list of top 50 World Container Ports by its volume/extent (in TEUs, twenty-foot equivalent unit used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals), since 2010 when it overtook the port of Singapore. The Chinese dream to make the world’s biggest port seems to have become true.

Due to increased growth and limited space for expansion, Shanghai’s old harbour areas along the Huangpu River have been gradually replaced by large new harbour areas along the coastline since the 1990s. One of the new areas include the Yangshan Deep-Water Port located in an artifical island lying in Hangzhou Bay. The port is in an inlet of the East China Sea and conected to the mainland by the 32,5-kilometre-long Donghai Bridge, which opened in 2005 as the world‘s largest sea bridge.

Due to the inability to create a new city with a large industrial and logistics areas on the island, the government decided to create a new alluvial area on the edge of the mainland.

The first plan to create a new harbour and a city in the area dates back to 1996, with the creation of the town of Luchao in Nanhui District. The plan was later removed to close Pudong District and rename it as Lingang New (Harbour) City, also known as Nanhui New City. In 2002 the master plan, followed by an international planning competition, was approved by the municipal government.

Linguang New Harbour City was built on an undeveloped site. The new city was divided into two functional areas – a harbour city and an industrial area. The industrial area was built on former agricultural land near Luchao, consisting of a Free Trade Zone and logistics centre. The harbour city was built on land reclaimed from the sea, dwelled by farmers, and used for agricultural purposes.

Master plan
The international competition, for the master plan, was won by the German architectural office Von Gerkan, Marg und Partner (gmp). Their project, illustrated by a drop falling into the water and causing concentric ripples symbolizing an unending spread outwards, helped them win the competition.

The plan includes three urban rings with the dominant 2,5 kilometre diametrical Dishui Lake in the middle. The developers were inspired by the Bay of Alexandria (Egypt) containing several islands and surrounded by beaches and leisure facilities. The first ring around the lake will be a belt of administrative, commercial and cultural facilities. The second ring is a green corridor decorated by flowers and trees. The outer ring is planned as a residential area with individual districts measuring about 720 by 720 metres with a population of 13,000 people equipped with service facilities like clinics, schools and shops. Outside the outer ring, a modern traffic system will link the new harbour city with the expressway network of Shanghai.

Besides the ‘water drop‘ and the industrial area, there are two other circular urban cores for housing, leisure facilities, business and research complex.

Result
Since 2002, gmp has been working on the project. For the first three years they were engaged in master planning issues, including materials and building heights.

The plan calls for a detailed design of blocks with flats that use as much natural materials as possible to save energy. However, the client organized competitions between different investors to build the blocks and these investors had their own ideas about visual aspects.

The orientation of buildings in the centre were changed as well. According to Chinese phylosophy, building should face south towards the sun. Such a change caused a refusal of gmp to be further commissioned for the housing issue.

A big share of the infrastructure, green areas, logistical buildings, campus, several institutes, laboratories, and part of a housing development have been realized.

Several major international companies have made investments in the ares. These investments range from the production of heavy equipment to the export of flowers.

Although the housing area was meant for a mixture of classes, it seems to be exactly the opposite. The white-collar and blue-collar residents live in seperate areas, as a reason for adjustments to the plan by developers. This area also provides accommodation for relocated peasants. To attract companies and residents the city has reduced taxes and offered low rents.

The city has been gradually developing. To become an independent city there is a need to generate more job opportunities and take full advantage of the port, which provides endless opportunities.

source: Den Hartog, Harry: Shanghai New Towns - Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam 2010, 416 p. ISBN 978-90-6450-735-9

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