Überherrn, Germany, Europe
 
 
Year1959latitude: 49° 14'
longitude: 6° 41'
Period1959-1965
Initiator(s)
Planning organizationNone
Nationality initiator(s)None
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organizationNone
Inhabitants
Target population20,000
Town websitehttp://www.ueberherrn.de
Town related links
Literature- None

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
Introduction
Überherrn is a municipality in the west of the Saarland region, near the France border. The municipality consists of five centers: Berus, Altforweiler, Bisten, Felsberg and Überherrn/Wohnstadt. Überherrn/Wohnstadt is laid in a hilly landscape, to the north of the large forest land of Warndts. Wohnstadt is the youngest urban district, founded in the sixties. The other districts were historically grown and they still consist of old churches and other monuments. Wohnstadt was built as a new residential area for 20,000 factory workers of the large mine plant (Grossschachtanlage) of Warndt. This plant was built after the war in the beginning of the fifties for the mining and processing of coals.

Urban plan and design
Wohnstadt was planned from scratch on the drawingboard. In 1959 a design competition was held for the creation of an urban plan for the New Town. Überherrn was planned in several phases.

Realization
In the first half of the sixties the municipality started with the construction of 600 houses in Eigenheimen. Already in 1965 the first inhabitants settled in their houses. When the first facilities like schools, a centre and kindergarten were realized, the population of the residence started to grow: from 1,312 inhabitants in 1966/7 to 2,000 in 1968. In 1971 Wohnstadt had already increased to 2,333 inhabitants. The residential area of Überherrn expanded even more because of the annexation of Altforweiler, Berus, Bisten and Felsberg.

Present situation
The New Town was however not realized completely because of the recession in the mine industry. Wohnstadt became an urban district of the municipality of Überherrn instead of an independent city.

source: Saskia Hulskes

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