Livingston, United Kingdom, Europe
 
 
Year1962latitude: 55° 53'
longitude: -3° 31'
PeriodMark 2
Initiator(s)
Planning organizationDevelopment Corporation
Nationality initiator(s)U.K.
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organization
Inhabitants50,000 (2011)
Target population70,000
Town websitehttp://www.livingstonalive.co.uk
Town related linkshttp://www.westlothian.gov.uk
Literature

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
"With the redevelopment of Glasgow predicted to be so advanced by 1965 as to require 1,000 houses per year more than could be accommodated in the existing three Scottish New Towns and ‘overspill areas’, Livingston was designated in 1962 to provide a new focus for industrial activity in Scotland’s central belt and to link the industrial west with centres of expansion in the Forth basin, while revitalising a coal- and shale-mining area through modern industry. Having survived successive national and local economic downturns, Livingston has emerged as a major commercial, social and cultural focus within an area that has benefited greatly from substantial inward economic investment. It now forms the administrative centre of West Lothian and is the primary retail centre for the area and a key location for employment."

"The masterplan had six principles: create a place of distinctive character; conserve and create good landscape; build to high standards of residential and industrial layout; secure a diverse and balanced population; develop without a requirement for self-containment (the first New Town to have a plan for 80 square miles around its boundary); and control the motor vehicle to allow pedestrian insulation."

source: Town & Country Planning Association (TCPA)
https://www.tcpa.org.uk/livingston

2017 - disclaimer