Soul City, United States, North America
Year1972latitude: 36° 24'
longitude: -78° 15'
Initiator(s)Floyd McKissick
Planning organizationFloyd B. McKissick Enterprises
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organization
Inhabitants500 (2000)
Target population18,000
Town website
Town related links
Literature- * Hugh Mields, 'Federally Assisted New Communities. New Dimensions in Urban Development', Washington 1973

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy

source: Tijuana Brass, 2007 (wiki)

Soul City, North Carolina is a planned new town first proposed in 1969 by Floyd McKissick, a civil rights leader and director of the Congress of Racial Equality. Funded by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, (HUD) as one of thirteen model city projects, it was located on 5000 acres in Warren County near Manson. The city was to be contain three villages housing 18,000 people by 1989. It was hoped to be self-contained, so that residents could work, receive health care, schooling, and religion in town. Soul City was the first new town organized by African-American businesses.

In 1972, the city received a grant of $14 million from HUD on the hope that industry would move to the planned community. Yet by 1975, the city had few homes and only one industrial building 'Soul Tech 1'.

The city failed to reach its initial ambitions. Lawsuits and investigations into the use of funds by the Soul City Company, the city's developers resulted in foreclosure in 1979. In 1980, there were 35 housing units, a clinic, tennis court, pool. About 150 people were employed in the city.

Since that time, the city has grown somewhat, but not to the size originally planned, in large part due to the Warren Correction Institute adjacent to town.


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