6th of October City, Egypt, Africa
Year1979latitude: 29° 56'
longitude: 30° 53'
Initiator(s)Government of Egypt
Planning organizationNUCA, Government of Egypt
Nationality initiator(s)Egyptian
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organizationAS+P, Archplan Cairo
Target population6,000,000
Town websitehttp://6thoctobercity.weebly.com/
Town related linkshttp://www.newcities.gov.eg/english/New_Communities/October/default.aspx

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
The City 6th October was established in 1979, with the presidential decree n. 504 by president Anwar el Sadat. Its name commemorates Egypt's military success in 1976 during the Yom Kippur War. It is now a famous University pole, hosting students from the Gulf and Palestinian territories. Together with Tenth of Ramadan City, Fifteenth of May City, and Sadat City, it was a part of the satellite towns planned around Greater Cairo to structure the overpopulation of the area. The 'first' generation of urban planning projects followed the country's independence and the new economic policy, which projected neoliberal ideas. Part of this plan was to develop the already existing regional and urban centres as well as the General Population Map project. It aspired to redistribute the population and outward to expand towards the desert, creating new centres with commercial identity and the power to attract people.

Urban Fabric

The city includes 51% of the built area (residential, services and industrial zones), 0,1% – green areas, 0,25% – cultivated land. A core of the city is a green cultural forum that is described by a concentric system of boulevards, which aim to reduce traffic congestion. It is surrounded by the main business spine CBCampus. The concentric form of the cultural forum is in addition to the road system created by the integration of high rise developments within the middle spine.

Sectoral development of the residential units around the CBCampus includes an integrated landscape corridor. Large blocks designed as residential and individual plots in 300-500 square meters range for multi-storey structures and public services with open spaces. There are 527,000 housing units, of which 78,281 are implemented by New Urban Communities Authority, 31,776 – by the ministry authorities and 417,000 – by the private sector. There are 40 schools, 24 hospitals and health units, 59 markets, 19 mosques, 41 social services, 5 communication centres, 26 public services.

Road network ongoing construction, completed drinking water network fed by Sheikh Zayed purification plant, sanitation network partly completed.

source: http://6thoctobercity.weebly.com/

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