Tamaki, New Zealand, Australia
 
 
Year1943latitude: -36° 52'
longitude: 174° 52'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Ernst Anton Plischke
Design organization
Inhabitants
Target population30,000
Town website
Town related links
Literature

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
Tamaki is a satellite city situated 11 km from Auckland in the North Island of New Zealand. Its housing scheme, designed 1943-47 to house 30,000 people, was the largest of Ernst Plischke's new town planning projects. Plischke reused the system he originally made for the city of Naenae for Tamaki in an extended version. It included a series of multiunit housing blocks close to the civic centre and surrounded by gardens with shared playground, which provided areas away from the street for children to play. The system of streets differentiated in streets for transit and residential streets makes reuse of Plischke's plan for Trentham. The civic centre had a strong axial geometry, creating visual connections with the railway station, the formal courtyards of the plaza and the open space of the parks beyond. The vertical tower in the plaza is free standing and, like the squares, references to the Piazza San Marco in Venice, Plischke's favoured example of a well-designed civic centre.

In his autobiography Plischke touches upon the problem of monotony and colourlessness in modern settlements caused by oversimplified urban concepts. For him variation cannot be helped through the change in house types alone, but must be integrated in the whole structure of the city. The plan for Tamaki seeks to combine openness and high-density. Plischke here attempted an increased density and argued that not all people are interested in having a big garden.

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