Trentham, New Zealand, Australia
 
 
Year1946latitude: -41° 7'
longitude: 175° 2'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Ernst Anton Plischke
Design organization
Inhabitants3,798 (2006)
Target population5,000
Town website
Town related linkshttp://www.city-gallery.org.nz/mainsite/further-information2.html?mode=prin t
http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~kunstgeschichte/projekte/exilarchitekten/ar chitekten/plischke.htm
http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/Gallery/housing/films.html
Literature- Plischke, Ernst A., Ein leben mit Architektur / Ernst A. Plischke, Löcker, Wien 1989
- August Sarnitz; Eva Ottilinger, Ernst Plischke: Modern Architecture for the New World. The Complete Works, Prestel, Munich – Berlin – London – New York 2004

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
Trentham was build to house around 4,000 to 5,000 residents. Approximately 1,000 dwelling houses surround the community centre in the middle. Plischke's typological design approach reveals a continuity in his work unusual in modernism (Sarnitz). His larger projects Naenae and Tamaki extend the plan for Trentham and let the number of residents grow to 15,000 and 30,000 respectively, canonizing Plischke's form giving. Plischke aimed at creating variety through the use of entirety concepts. In his plan for Trentham the design and layout of roads is differentiated. Plischke divided main streets and streets for living in a design with residential streets formed as loops and cul-de-sacs within which there were connected paths and green areas removed from the traffic. The houses surround a park with sports grounds, shops, schools, theatres, and the paths link them all together.

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