Petroşani, Romania, Europe
 
 
Year1948latitude: 45° 25'
longitude: 23° 21'
Period
Initiator(s)
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)Romania
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organization
Inhabitants37,000 (2011)
Target population
Town websitehttps://web.archive.org/web/20060226065454/http://www.jiuvalley.com/romana/orase/petrosani/index.asp
Town related links
Literature

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 

The coal miners housing built in the 19th century was considered to be of good, almost middle class quality. The 'Colony' was built in long parallel roads in the north west of the city.
source: Andrei Kokelburg, https://commons.wikimedia .org/w/index.php?search=p etrosani&title=Special%3A Search&go=Go&ns0=1&ns6=1& ns12=1&ns14=1&ns100=1&ns1 06=1#/media/File:Petrosan i_Colonia.jpg



Overview of Petrosani in the Jiu Valley
source: Eduard Gergely, https://commons.wikimedia .org/wiki/File:Petrosani_ Town.jpg



Nicolae Ceausescu visits Petrosani, Jiu Stadium, 1978
source: https://commons.wikimedia .org/w/index.php?search=p etrosani&title=Special:Se arch&go=Go&ns0=1&ns6=1&ns 12=1&ns14=1&ns100=1&ns106 =1#/media/File:Ceausescu_ in_Petrosani_in_1978.jpg



The University of Petrosani, founded in 1948 as the Coal Institute.
source: https://www.cs.usfca.edu/ ~cruse/RomaniaMinicourse/ RoUniversities/rouniversi ties


Petrosani is one of the cities in the Jiu Valley (next to Vulcan, Petrila, Uricani, Lupeni e.a.) that share a similar development history. Petrosani is an old settlement that started to grow since the middle of the 19th century. At that moment surface coal mines were opened in this area.
This industrial focus got a boost after World War II when the communist regime decided to invest in the industrialisation and mining in this area.
In 1948, there were only 14.000 inhabitants. The same year, the ambitions of the government became clear when the Coal Institute was founded. Later this named the Mining Institute, and nowadays it is the University of Petroșani. According to Wikipedia: "The institute received part of the teaching material from the USSR and initially included a faculty of mining and coal preparation. The architecture of the building is based on a Soviet project." ("https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petro%C8%99ani)
In 1992, Petrosani reached its biggest size with 52.000 inhabitants; after that moment many mines were closed and the decline of the population started.

source:

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