Cumbernauld, United Kingdom, Europe
Year1955latitude: 55° 46'
longitude: -4° 0'
PeriodMark 1
Planning organizationDevelopment Corporation
Nationality initiator(s)U.K.
Designer(s) / Architect(s)L Hugh Wilson
Design organizationL Hugh Wilson, Chief Architect and Planning Officer
Inhabitants52,000 (2011)
Target population70,000
Town website
Town related links
Literature- Lucy Bullivant, 'Tomorrow's Town Today' in: Cor Wagenaar (ed.), 'Happy. Cities and Happiness in Post-War Europe', NAi Publishers, Rotterdam 2001; Leonard Downie Jr., "The Disappointing New Towns of Great Britain", 1972,

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
"Cumbernauld was identified as a potential means of accommodating some of Glasgow’s population in Abercrombie’s Clyde Valley Plan of 1946, but was not designated until 1955. Cumbernauld was designed using a ‘whole-place approach’, consciously departing from the ‘neighbourhood’ principle adopted in the previous New Towns. Pursuing ‘urbanity’ as a ‘way of life’, it applied higher densities within fewer urban areas, with a single town centre on the hilltop. It contains some of the most notable examples of modernist architecture in the UK. It is a town of two halves, bisected by a motorway. The southern half was built with modernist low-rise in a Radburn-style layout by the Development Corporation. The northern half was developed by the private sector, with the Development Corporation acting as facilitator."

source: Town & Country Planning Association (TCPA)

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