- Lucy Bullivant, 'Tomorrow's Town Today' in: Cor Wagenaar (ed.), 'Happy. Cities and Happiness in Post-War Europe', NAi Publishers, Rotterdam 2001; Leonard Downie Jr., "The Disappointing New Towns of Great Britain", 1972,
type of New Town:
> scale of autonomy
"Cumbernauld was identified as a potential means of accommodating some of Glasgow’s population in Abercrombie’s Clyde Valley Plan of 1946, but was not designated until 1955. Cumbernauld was designed using a ‘whole-place approach’, consciously departing from the ‘neighbourhood’ principle adopted in the previous New Towns. Pursuing ‘urbanity’ as a ‘way of life’, it applied higher densities within fewer urban areas, with a single town centre on the hilltop. It contains some of the most notable examples of modernist architecture in the UK. It is a town of two halves, bisected by a motorway. The southern half was built with modernist low-rise in a Radburn-style layout by the Development Corporation. The northern half was developed by the private sector, with the Development Corporation acting as facilitator."
source: Town & Country Planning Association (TCPA)