Sadat City, Egypt, Africa
 
 
Year1978latitude: 30° 22'
longitude: 30° 30'
Period1980-2005
Initiator(s)President Sadat of Egypt
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)Egypt
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organizationKise Straw, Kolodner
Inhabitants200,000
Target population1,000,000
Town website
Town related links
Literature- Mohammed Salah-Eddin Hegab, "New Towns policy"
- Sadat City Planning Study Group, "The Planning of Sadat City",
- Status Report 1: Preliminary Investigations, Sabour Associates 1976
- "Cities in the Desert: the Egyptian New-Town Program," Stewart, Dona, from: Annals of the Associaton of American Geographers, 86(3), 1996

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 


source: http://ksk1.com/infopages /planning/images/newtowni nfo1_13.jpg


Together with Tenth of Ramadan City, Fifteenth of May City, and Sixth of October City, Sadat became a part of the satellite towns planned around Greater Cairo to structure the overpopulation of the area. The 'first' generation of urban planning projects followed the country's independence and the new economic policy, which projected neoliberal ideas. Part of this plan was to develop the already existing regional and urban centres as well as the General Population Map project. It aspired to redistribute the population and outward to expand towards the desert, creating new centres with commercial identity and the power to attract people.

Urban Fabric 

The city is characterised by compactness and walking as a basic form of movement. It includes 61% of urban area, 32% – green belt, 0,15% – greenery in residential areas and 1,5% – forest. The housing typology ranges from high building densities (2-3 storey along narrow streets), simple site and service option for self-help construction to detached single-family luxury villas. The dominant type is the expandable core house situated in multi-family walkup units or on the upper floor of mixed-use buildings.

Sadat City follows Kevin Lynch's principles of vitality, sense, fit, access and control. It has a linear structure with district and neighbourhood spines. Industrial and governmental functions go along the two spines, respectively. The central area contains all the major city, regional, national, level administrative, institutional, commercial and recreational functions. There are 42 schools, 13 health buildings, 15 markets, 20 mosques, 24 social services, 35 public services. Districts provide services and facilities to 6 neighbourhoods (24,000 to 36,000) with 32,100 housing units, 10,626 of which are implemented by New Urban Communities Authority and 21500 implemented by the private sector. 15% of 100,000 dwellings units are expandable core housing typology. 

The Regional Road connects Sadat with Delta Governorates via the Sadat Bridge and the Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road. The internal road network is also well maintained.

source: Marie Bruun Yde
http://www.tadamun.co/2015/12/31/egypts-new-cities-neither-just-efficient/?lang=en#.W17jBtIzZPb
https://www.jstor.org/stable/43029127?read-now=1&loggedin=true&seq=2#page_scan_tab_contents
Thesis "Cairo's New Administrative Capital Wedian City: Lessons from the Past and for the Future" by Mirette Khorshed (MIT)

2017 - disclaimer