Cancún, Mexico, North America
Year1973latitude: 21° 9'
longitude: -86° 45'
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organization
Inhabitants573,000 (2005)
Target population
Town website
Town related links 50〈=eng_BG

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Cancún is a coastal city in Mexico's easternmost state Quintana Roo. Until 1968 it was an undeveloped and nearly unpopulated island, the only town being the fishing village Puerto Juarez. The government of Mexico decided to make it a tourist resort, and Fonatur, Mexico's national trust for the promotion of tourism which also developed four others of Mexico's top beach resorts, masterminded its infrastructure. The designing of Cancún began from the ground up in 1968 with building bridges to the mainland in both ends of the island, an airport, electrical installations, purified water to tap, paved, tree-lined avenues, and typically charter travel-looking hotel blocks shaped like Maya-temples. From the outset Fonatur had a three-phase master plan. A tourism zone, without residential areas, was built in the first phase, containing the hotels plus shopping, golf course, and marinas. In the second phase a residential zone for permanent residents was made, with schools, hospitals, markets, public building and commercial areas. The airport was built in the third phase. The original management plan for Cancún left a number of green spaces open, but the success of the hotels called for expansion and urban encroachment won out over the preservation of areas.


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